La cueca es un baile de pareja suelta, en el que se representa el asedio amoroso de una mujer por un hombre.En Chile, La Cueca es un baile muy importante porque Las personas de Chile bailan la Cueca para celebración de su independencia. La Cueca es un baile muy fácil aprender y es el baile nacional de chile. Los bailarines tienen un pañuelo se representa el gallo y el pollo.
La música para la cueca en 1824 para acompañar el baile. Otras músicas de chile incluyen rock de chile, folklórico, tonada, y waltz. Artistas famosos de chile son los jaivas, víctor jara, y violeta parra. Son famosos de chile rock que se similar a punk rock en los estados unidos.
Chile’s National Dance: The Cueca
The national dance of Chile is called the Cueca. This dance has rich historical roots in both African and Native American cultures. Even though Chileans have been dancing the Cueca for years, it wasn’t declared the official dance of Chile until September, 1979.
The Cueca is a parody of the courtship of a chicken and rooster. The dancers wave handkerchiefs above their heads during the dance. These handkerchiefs can symbolize the feathers of the bird or the rooster’s comb.
Children dance the Cueca. Picture by Gabriel Ortega Berger.
The choreography (movements) of the Cueca consists of circles, moving in semicircles back and forth (known as half moons), and turning towards the partner and then away.
The dance happens in an imaginary circle, with the man in one half, and the woman in the other. It starts with a promenade where the man invites the woman to join him by offering his arm. This is done while instrumental entry music is played. The couples stand facing each other about three meters apart. Before the song begins, the couple claps their hands in rhythm of the music.
Movements and Steps of the Cueca
You can learn the steps of the dance from the following pages. These are in Spanish but have diagrams outlining the movements:
Steps of the Cueca
Learning to dance our national dance
Those that really know how to dance the Cueca will dress up in traditional chilean clothing when they dance. This is particularly true during the independence day celebrations every September. The men wear a Chilean cowboy hat, shirt, flannel poncho, riding pants, short jacket, riding boots, and spurs. Women wear a flowered dress with an apron. Here is a video of a school’s Cueca competition that shows the traditional clothing the dancers wear: